Information For Authors



All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the journal website, and also send a copy to the email addresses,, addressed to Prof A E Omoti, Editor-in-Chief, Annals of Medical and Surgical Practice, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1111, Benin City, Nigeria.



The Annals of Medical and Surgical Practice is a peer-reviewed journal published on behalf of the Nigerian Medical Association, Edo State Branch. This journal publishes original communications in the form of original research, high-quality case report, short communications, letter to the editor and systematic reviews on clinical medicine (surgery, surgical specialties, paediatrics, internal medicine, public health, obstetrics and gynaecology etc), laboratory medicine, and other specialties in the basic medical science, the allied health science and health related social science. The journal is published twice yearly, in the months of June and December.




The operations of the editorial board of the Journal are in conformity with the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) []. All manuscripts are subjected to blind peer-review by at least two reviewers.  The editorial board shall determine the suitability of every manuscript and communicate decisions to the authors. The editorial board reserves the exclusive right to edit any aspect of the manuscript to meet the Journal style.


The views, information and opinions expressed and presented in the articles and other material published in the journal only reflect the submission of the respective authors. Neither the journal, the editorial team, the editorial board, the other agents and representative of the journal nor the publishers of the journal assumes liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness and validity of the contents of the materials so published on the journal.

The covering letter signed by the corresponding author should indicate that the article has not been submitted elsewhere or previously published in any form and that all authors have contributed significantly to and accept responsibility for the academic content of the article.

A Copyright Transfer/Undertaking Form to be signed by the corresponding author to this effect would be required on acceptance of the article for publication.




The articles and other materials published in the Annals of Medical and Surgical Practice are protected by the Nigerian Copyright laws. The journal owns the copyright over every article, scientific and intellectual materials published in it. However, the journal grants all authors, users and researchers free access to the materials published in the journal with the permission to copy, use and distribute the materials contained therein only for academic, scientific and non-commercial purposes.

The title page/pages should provide the title of the manuscript, running title, names of all authors/ contributors (with their highest academic degrees, designation and affiliations) and name(s) of department(s) and/ or institution(s) to which the work should be credited, . All information which can reveal your identity should be in the title page the source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these, acknowledgement, if any, if the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read. A full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant publication of the same or very similar work must be made. Registration number in case of a clinical trial and where it is registered (name of the registry and its URL), conflicts of Interest of each author/ contributor, the name, address, e-mail, and telephone number of the corresponding author.

Images: Submit good quality colour or black and white images, preferably in JPEG format. Each image should be less than 2 MB in size.

Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (October 2006). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of the Annals of Medical and Surgical Practice are summarized below.

Original articles: The text of original articles may amount to 3000 words (excluding Abstract, references and Tables) and should be divided into sections with the headings Abstract, Key-words, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables and Figure legends. There should be structured abstract consisting of the aim, methods, results and conclusion. It should be about 200 to 300 words.

Ethical issues: For experimentation on human beings, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. Evidence for approval by a local Ethics Committee (for both human as well as animal studies) must be supplied by the authors on demand. Animal experimental procedures should be as humane as possible and the details of anaesthetics and analgesics used should be clearly stated. The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. A statement on ethics committee permission and ethical practices must be included in all research articles under the “Materials and Methods” section.

Review Articles: It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field. The manuscript should have a structured Abstract (250 words) consisting of the aim, methods, results and conclusion representing an accurate summary of the article.

Case reports: New, interesting and rare cases can be reported. These communications could be of up to 1000 words (excluding Abstract and references) and should have the following headings: Abstract-structured (aim, case report, and conclusion), Key-words, Introduction, Case report, Discussion, Reference, Tables and Legends in that order.

Letter to the Editor: These should be short and decisive observations. They should preferably be related to articles previously published in the Journal or views expressed in the journal.

Others: Editorial, Guest Editorial, Commentary and Opinion are solicited by the editorial board.

References: References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript after the punctuation marks. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Numbered references should appear at the end of the article and should consist of the surnames and initials of all authors when six or less. When seven or more, list first six and add et al, title of article, name of journal abbreviated according to index medicus style, year, volume, first and last page numbers.

Examples of journal referencing is as follows.

Omoti AE, Enock ME, Iyasele ET. Surgical management of primary open-angle glaucoma in Africans. Expert Rev Ophthalmol 2010; 5: 95-107.

Omoti CE, Omoti AE. Richter’s syndrome: A review of clinical, ocular, neurological and other manifestations. Br J Haematol 2008; 142: 709-716.

For a textbook state the author/authors, title of chapter, title of book, edition, place of publication, publisher, year of publication and pages.  An example of referencing for a textbook is as follows.

Kanski JJ. Glaucoma. In: Clinical Ophthalmology, a systematic approach. 5th ed. Toronto, Butterworth-Heinemann. 2003: 192-269


Prof Afekhide E. Omoti



Annals of Medical and Surgical Practice,

Department of Ophthalmology,

University of Benin Teaching Hospital,

PMB 1111, Benin City, Nigeria.