Correlation between Finger Prints, ABO-Blood Groups and Haemoglobin Genotype of Voluntary Blood Donors in ISTH, Irrua Edo State, Nigeria

Authors

  • MO Ujaddughe Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
  • HO Otamere Department of Human Physiology, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
  • DO Olarenwaju Department of Haematology and Blood transfusion, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
  • A Anura Department of Human Physiology, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
  • O Oriakhi Department of Human Physiology, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
  • VO Nwaimo Department of Human Physiology, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria

Keywords:

ABO-Blood group, Haemoglobin genotype, Dermatoglyphics, palm and finger prints

Abstract

Aim: This study aims to examine the relationship between Digito-palmer dermatoglyphic patterns in ABO blood groups and Haemoglobin Genotype among voluntary Blood Donors at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua.
Methods: The subjects (42 males and 31 females) were selected via a random sampling technique and fingerprint determination was performed using the Indian ink method. Palm and fingerprints were observed for the angles connecting the triradii at the roots of the fingers (a-index finger, b-middle finger, c-ring finger d-small finger and t-the most proximal triradii in the palm) taken as atd, tad and tda angles. The data collected was statistically analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS,) version 20, with the student t-test, chi square test and ANOVA used as statistical tools.
Results: Blood group O was more likely to present with Ulnar Loop (UL) fingerprints while mean Right TDA (61.06±8.39o) and Right ATD (42.03±3.930) were higher in blood group A but triradius angle were not significantly different (p>0.05) across the blood groups. Also, RL and UL fingerprints were more likely to be common among AA than in AS while triradius angle were not significantly different between Hb-AA and Hb-AS. These reveals a likelihood that person who present more with Radial Loop and Ulnar Loop fingerprints are more likely to be of AA genotype than in AS; as well, individuals who present with radial loop (RL) and Ulnar loop (UL) fingerprints are more likely to belong to blood group O

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Published

2020-09-06