Job satisfaction, Psychological and psychosomatic morbidity among prison workers in a developing country

Authors

  • AN Offi Department of Community Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
  • AR Isara Department of Community Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
  • BC Okwechime Department of Community Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
  • D Okwuchi Department of Community Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Job satisfaction, psychological morbidity, psychosomatic disorder, prison workers

Abstract

Aim: This study aims to assess the psychological health, job satisfaction and the presence of psychosomatic disorder amongst prison workers.
Methods: Three hundred and eighty-four prison workers who had spent at least one year in the service participated in the cross-sectional study. The respondents completed two questionnaires, which were self-administered, designed questionnaire and a standard instrument- The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 28).
Results: One hundred and forty (36.5%) respondents had psychological morbidity (GHQ Score of 4 and above), while 160 (41.7%) respondents had psychosomatic morbidity. The prison workers who had psychological morbidity had more psychosomatic morbidity (65.0%) than those who did not have (28.3%). This difference was found to be statistically significant. Two hundred and nine (54.4%) prison workers were very dissatisfied or dissatisfied with their job, 135 (35.2%) were satisfied or very satisfied while 40 (10.4%) were undecided about their level of satisfaction. The major reasons for dissatisfaction were irregular salary (17.9%), lack of incentive (13.5%) and poor salary (13.5%).
Conclusion: A significant number of respondents were dissatisfied with their job. Poor, irregular salary and lack of incentives were the major causes of job dissatisfaction. This study has also shown an association between psychological morbidity and psychosomatic disorder

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Published

2020-09-06