Stage at Presentation of Breast Cancer in the Second Decade of the 21st Century in Benin City


  • MI Momoh Department of Surgery, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • PI Agbonrofo Department of Surgery, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.


breast cancer, stage, presentation.


Aim: To determine the stage at presentation of breast cancer patients in our environment in the second decade of the 21St century in light of new and concerted public health campaigns on breast cancer awareness.
Methods: A retrospective review of the medical records of breast cancer patients in University of Benin Teaching Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 (3-year period) was carried out. Relevant data pertaining to disease stage at presentation was extracted and analyzed. Staging was done according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer Staging System for breast cancer. Stages 3 and 4 were considered as late disease.
Results: The age range in this study was from 28 - 68 years, with mean age of 46 ± 9(SD) years. Fifty-three patients were analyzed and 73.6% presented with late-stage breast cancer. This proportion was lower but not significantly different on binomial testing compared to the previous study carried out in Benin City, a decade ago, which found that 74.8% of patients presented late (p = 0.471).
Conclusion: In this second decade of the 21st century, a vast majority of breast cancer patients in Benin City, still present with late disease. The breast cancer awareness campaigns by various groups have had very little impact. Efforts must be made to adopt a feasible policy on control of the disease by free Clinical Breast Examination (CBE).