PERCEPTION OF STRESS AND STRESSORS AMONGST HOUSE OFFICERS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN TEACHING HOSPITAL, BENIN CITY.
Keywords:stress, stressors, house officers, burnout
Aim: To evaluate the perception of stress, stressors as well the risk of burnout amongst house officers in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH).
Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study amongst house officers (medical and dental) in different rotations in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and a close ended, self- administered questionnaire were used as data collection tool to elicit their demographic characteristics, stress levels, stressors and burnout. This study was carried out between January and April, 2019.
Results: A total of one hundred and thirty-eight (138) house officers were studied. Majority of the house-officers, reported moderate perceived stress and this accounted for 81 (58.7%) of the response. Highly stressed house-officers were 41 (29.7%) comprising males 27 (19.6%) and 14 (10.1%) were females. Majority of them, 103 (74.6%) also had a high risk of burnout for emotional exhaustion and the de-personalization component. A total of 129 (93.5%) were at high risk for personal accomplishment component.
Conclusion: This study shows that majority of the house officers are moderately stressed. It also revealed that house officers have a high risk of emotional exhaustion and de-personalisation however with a high risk for personal accomplishment.