POSTERIOR SEGMENT FINDINGS IN PATIENTS ON HEMODIALYSIS IN A TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA

Authors

  • O E Okolo Head/National Coordinator, National Eye Health Programme, Dept Of Public Health, Federal Ministry Of Health, Abuja,
  • DH Kayoma Department Of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University Of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
  • J N Ese-Onakewhor Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria
  • A E Omoti Department of Ophthalmology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos. Nigeria.

Keywords:

chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis, posterior segment findings, Nigeria

Abstract

 

 Aim: To determine the posterior segment findings of chronic kidney disease in adult patients receiving hemodialysis at a tertiary hospital. 

Methods: This is a hospital based descriptive, cross-sectional study the posterior segment findings of chronic kidney disease in adult patients on dialysis in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. 

Results: A total of 96 patients who had hemodialysis at the centre were studied. Their age range was between 19 and 75 with a mean of 44.2+13.6 years. Males were about 2/3rd of (65%) of the study population and females just over a third (34.4%), giving a male to female ratio of 1.9:1. 10.4% had normal posterior segment findings. The common posterior segment findings were hypertensive retinopathy 33.3%, macular oedema 20.8% and diabetic retinopathy 11.5%. 

Conclusion: The prevalence of visual impairment among patients receiving hemodialysis in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital in Nigeria, was 28.1%, while blindness was 5.2%. The main causes of visual impairment were diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy and macular oedema. 

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Published

2022-01-20