EVALUATION OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND AWARENESS IN THE PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES AMONGST PAEDIATRIC RESIDENTS IN EDO STATE, NIGERIA.
Keywords:dental caries, paediatric residents, knowledge, prevention
Aim: To evaluate awareness, knowledge and attitude towards dental caries prevention amongst pediatrics residents in Edo state.
Methods: This study was a cross sectional study carried out among paediatrician trainees in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital and Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Edo State. A pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire which elicited demographic characteristics, awareness, knowledge and attitude toward dental caries prevention, was the data collection tool. This study was carried out between February and May, 2019.
Results: A total of 42 pediatrics residents participated in this study. The majority (85.7%) of participants identified carbohydrate diets as one of the main aetiological factors in dental caries development. About one-third of the participant, 35.7% reported seeing at least one case of childhood caries a week in the clinic while One-third (33.3%) of the participants examined their patients’ teeth. About three-quarters (76.5%) of the participants reported that they refer children with dental caries to the pediatric dentist. Routine dental visit was seen by majority (90.5%) of the participants as important in preventing childhood dental caries while less than half (42.8%) of the participants reported that dental caries is transmissible.
Conclusion: This study indicates that the paediatric residents have proper attitude, satisfactory knowledge and sufficient awareness about the prevention of dental caries in children.