Aim: To document the relationship between hemodialysis and IOP, if any.
Methodology: A prospective study was carried out in Benin City where intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured in patients undergoing dialysis. A total of 96 patients were recruited and examined. The data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Scientific Solutions (SPSS) version 16. The statistical significance was tested using the paired t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) where applicable and level of significance was set at 0.05.
Result: The most common cause of Chronic Kidney Disease was chronic glomerulonephritis (36.5%). There was a reduction in IOP after hemodialysis at baseline, the first and second months in both eyes which was statistically significant (p˂0.05). The duration on hemodialysis had no significant effect on IOP in both eyes (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Each episode of hemodialysis had an effect on IOP that was independent of the time the patient had been on hemodialysis.