Aim: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed depression in hypertensive patients attending a tertiary hospital in Benin City, Nigeria with a view to reduce the occurrence of missed diagnosis of comorbid depression.
METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out with a semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire. It was administered to 235 Adult Hypertensive patients. The respondents had been diagnosed for at least one year prior to screening and had visited the clinic at least twice prior to the study. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0.
RESULTS: The prevalence of depression in hypertensive patients was found to be 29.4%. Of all the respondents, 70.6% had no depression, 21.1% had mild depression, 6.4% had moderate depression while 0.9% had severe depression. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of depression among hypertensive individuals is high compared to that in the general population. There is a need for diagnosis of comorbid depression in these patients so as to improve clinical outcomes and reduce morbidity. There is also the need to increase the awareness, especially among primary care physicians of the importance of this.