Aim: This study aims at determining the home management of diarrhoea among caregivers in Benin City, Edo State.
Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among caregivers of under-five children in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Four hundred and forty-two caregivers were selected by multi-stage sampling technique. Data on water source, storage and purification, toilet facilities and treatment given to children with diarrhoea was obtained using a structured questionnaire. Data was analysed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 19.
Results: Four hundred and forty-two caregivers consisting mainly of mothers were recruited for the study. Most respondents drink water from borehole which is usually not purified and use improved sanitation toilet facilities. Diarrhoea occurred in about three-quarter of the respondents’ children. About three-fifth of the respondents are aware of the use of ORS/SSS in diarrhoea treatment while only about half of these know how to prepare it correctly. Awareness and practice of zinc supplementation in diarrhoea management was poor. Caregivers’ educational status, age, handwashing practices, and type of toilet facility were significantly associated with diarrhoea occurrence.
Conclusion: Awareness and practice of zinc supplementation was poor while knowledge of the use of ORS, its preparation and usage is below average. Handwashing with soap and water is protective against development of diarrhoea. Health education of caregivers of under-fives on appropriate diarrhoea management and prevention at home is advocated.